Assam is that Indian State located South of the Eastern Himalayas in the North-East region. The geographical attribute of Assam states that it is surrounded three of the six major physiographic divisions of India – Northern Himalayas, Northern Plains and Deccan Plateau.
Assam has a low altitude, rich muddy soil, sufficient rainfall and a tropical rainfall with atmospheric conditions persisting all throughout the year . All these factors lead to the production of tea in Assam.
The tea in Assam was first accidentally discovered in 1823 by a Scottish adventurer named Robert Bruce when he noticed that a certain plant variety grew wild in the region and the locales used the leaves of that plant for preparing an aromatic drink. So when the leaves of the plant were sent for careful scientific study, it was concluded that the plant was a variety of tea known as Camellia sinensis var. Assamica different from the Camellia sinensis var. Sinensis.
Tea gardens of Assam collectively produces nearly 507 million kgs of tea per year.
Assam orthodox teas are grown using Camellia sinensis var. Assamica plant and only those teas grown and manufactured in tea gardens located in the Brahmaputra Valley are called Assam teas. And they are preferred as the first tea for breakfast. The strong flavor of the Assam tea makes it a great substitute for coffee. Here tea cultivation takes place in the plains.
But heavy rainfall during the month of July in Assam created distress among the tea producers.
Recently due to the decrease in the intensity of rainfall , the Assam tea producers hurled a sigh of relief. The producers who feared huge loss of crop because of the tremendous rain overflowing, now feel that the crop loss will not cross beyond a certain per cent.
Since there has been a certain amount of loss in the production of tea, but this will not deteriorate further since the rainfall lessens and sun shines out.
Assam tea gardens produced 645.14 million kg of tea in 2018 , which contributed nearly 49 percent of the country’s total production of 1338.63 million kgs.
The tea planters are presently extremely upset for the loss of crop but, on the other hand , black tea prices shall increase in the coming months because of less supply.